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Study Guide #1 Archaeology

 

Archaeology

 

Anthropology

 

Holistic

 

Hypothesis

 

Null Hypothesis

 

Scientific Assumptions

 

Real Universe

 

Occam’s Razor

 

Context

 

Faked Sites


Culture

 

Science

 

Bias

 

Pseudoscience

 

Epistemology


Examples of Faked Sites

 

      The Cardiff Giant

 

      Piltdown Man


      Shroud of Turin


      Noah’s Flood


      Scientific Creationism


Other Archaeological Shenanigans


      Pre-Native Americans Vs. Moundbuilders

 

      Lost Continent

 

     Ancient Astronauts

 

     New Age

 

Development of Archaeological Theory

 

Lord Elgin

 

Belzoni

 

Thomsen

 

Champollion

 

Schliemanns

 

Howard Carter

 

Modern

 

Post Modern

 

 

CONCEPTS FROM ASHMORE AND SHARER Chapters 1-3

CH 1


Looters


Archaeologist


Otzi


Pseodoarchaeology


Archaeological Record


Science


Scientific Method


Model


Hypotheses


Oral History


Documentary History


Historical Archaeology


Prehistoric Archaeology


Anthropology


Ethnography


Ethnology


Culture


State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO)


Cultural Resource Management (CRM)


Community Based Archaeology


Indigenous Archaeologists


CH 2


Antiquarians


Stratigraphy


Strata


Three-Age System: Christian Thomsen


Cultural Evalution


Unilinear Cultural Evalution


Ethnocentric


Multilinear


CH 3


Culture History Approach


Periods


Time-Space Grids


Culture Areas


Cultural Process Approach


Evolutionary Archaeology


Processual Research


Multiple Working Hypotheses 


System 

(See chart on page 50, no you do not need to be able to explain it!)


Marxist Perspective


Feminist Perspective


Reflexive Theory


Post Processual Frameworks