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STUDY GUIDE                     ANTHROPOLOGY 100                   #2

 

LECTURE:

 

Archaeology

 

Laws

 

Formulation

 

Implementation

 

Permits

 

Data Acquisition

 

Survey

 

Ground Penetrating Radar (GEOPHYSICS)

 

Sample

 

Excavate

 

Artifact

 

Ecofact

 

Process

 

Conserve

 

Catalogue

 

Analysis

 

Spatial Framework

 

Temporal Framework

 

Interpretation

 

Reconstruction

 

Publication

 

Form of finds

 

Life Activities

 

VIDEO

 

Process of Change

 

Artifact Conservation


Artifact Preservation

 

Site Conservation


NAGPRA

 

State Laws

 

Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation

 

Ethics


Underwater Archaeology

 

Salvage Archaeology

 

Relative Dating Techniques

 

Law of Superposition

 

Copper Age

 

Bronze Age

 

Iron Age

 

Style analysis

 

Form Analysis

 

Absolute dating

 

Attached handout:

 

Artifact Interpretation

 

Text: 


Module 2: Pages 81-91

Relative Dating

Numerical Dating

Stratum

Law of Superposition

Law of Crosscutting Relationships

Biostratigraphic Dating

Seriation

Assemblage

Isotopic Dating

Chapter 6

Archaeology

Archaeological Record

Site

Artifacts

Features

Ethnoarchaeology

Survey

Excavation

subsistence Strategy

Band

Tribe

Sodalities

chiefdom

Status

State

NAGPRA (166-167)

looting (169)

Feminist Archaeology

Gender Archaeology

Historical Archaeology

Cosmopolitanism


 

       Absolute Dating Techniques

       (but they don’t guarantee a  good date)

 

 

Dendrochronolgy        Tree ring dating          

                                    Geographically specific

                                    Requires timbers with relatively clear rings

                                    Limited records (few thousand years 10,000 at most)


Dated Materials          Rare but wonderful


Documentary Evidence          Rare but wonderful


Carbon 14                   HL 5730 yr                 Limit 60-70,000 yrs          ratio of Carbon 14 to 12 in burned sample

 

Potassium-Argon       HL 1330 Million Years Limit 5000 yrs old to Billions

                                    Ratio of  Potassium 40 to (Argon 40 and Calcium 40)

                                    (Must have Potassium 40 (igneous to start with)

 

Fission Track Dating               HL (NA)                     Limit 20 to 5 Billion yrs ago

                                    Counting number of Uranium 238 tracks through material

 

Obsidian Hydration    NA   !!!!No longer Considered Accurate!!!                                      

Works on measuring crust formation on outside of obsidian, caused by dehydration

 

Archaeomagnetism    NA

                                    Measure direction of Earth’s magnetic field and compare to a chart.

                                    Not very specific (+ or – 50-100,000 years)

 

Thermoluminescence               NA

When Ceramics are fired, Thermal energy is released.  As pottery ages, it recollects new energy as it ages.

 

            Object is fired and Thermoluminescence is measured.

 

            Also useful for soil dating