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Study Guide   #1        Anthropology &100    Fall 2013

 

LECTURE:

 

Anthropology

 

Cultural

 

Linguistic

 

Archaeology

 

Physical Biological

 

Modern Humans

 

Ergonomics

 

Evolution

 

Common Ancestor

 

Primates

 

The Skeleton

 

Forensic

 

Reconstruction

 

DNA Analysis

 

Facial Reconstruction

 

Genetic reproduction

 

Gene

 

Trait

 

Environment

 

Mutation

 

Natural Selection

 

Artificial Selection

 

Monkey

 

Apes

 

Baboons

 

Gorillas

 

Chimpanzee

 

Attached evolution study guide!!!!

 

Paleolithic

 

Mesolithic

 

Neolithic

 

Demographics

 

Gene Flow

 

Genetic Drift

 

“Race”

 

Genetic Diversity

 

BOOK: 

 

Chapter 1: Holistic

 

Comparison 


Evolution


Culture


Biocultural Organisms


Biological Anthropology


Primatologist

 

Paleoanthropology


Cultural Anthropology


Sex 


Gender


Fieldwork


Informants


Ethnography


Ethnology


Language


Linguistic Anthropology


Archaeology


Applied Anthropology


Hypothesis


Testability

 

Objectivity


Chapter 2 : Evolutionary Theory


Evolution

 

Taxonomy


Genus


Species


Uniformitarianism


Common Origin


Natural Selection


Variational Evolution


Fitness


Adaptation


Pangenesis


Mandelian Inheritance


Principle of Segregation


Principle of Independent Assortment


Genetics


Gene


Chromosomes


Mitosis


Meiosis


Crossing Over


Polygeny


Continuous Variation


Pleiotropy


Mutation


DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)


Genome


Genotype


Phenotype


Niche Construction


Human Agency


Chapter 3:  Microevolution


Macroevolution


Species (again)


Gene Pool


Gene Frequency


Population Genetics


Natural Selection (again)


Mutation


Gene Flow


Genetic Drift


Acclimatization


Formal Models


Anagenesis


Table 3.3 page 75


Phyletic Gradualism


Punctuated Equilibrium


Species Selection


Chapter 4: Anthropomorphism


Taxon


Analogy


Ecological Niche


Dentition


Prehensile


Diurnal


Hominins


Sexual Dimorphism


Stereoscopic Vision


Nocturnal


Chapter 5: Bipedalism


Mosaic Evolution


Omnivorous


Cranial Capacity


Oldowan Traditions


Taphonomy


Acheulean Tradition


Early Stone Age


Replacement Model


Regional Continuity Model


Neanderthals


Mousterian Tradition


Middle Stone Age


Anatomically Modern Human Beings


Upper Paleolithic/ Late Stone Age


Blades


Composite Tools


Women's Art





Possible Early Humans…or not appr. Weight appr. Height appr. Cranial Capacity Age Samples/Location Major Differences
Sahelanthropus tchadensis ? ? 320-370 cc 7.0-6.0 MYA Toumai: Chad, Central Africa 6+individuals Possible common ancestor  with chimpanzee
Ardipithecus  ramidus 50 kg 120 cm 320-380 cc 5.7-4.0 MYA Ardi: Ethiopia, 38 +individuals Walking up-right, elongated phalanges
Austrolopithicus aforensis 35 kg 105 cm 410 cc 3.9-2.9 MYA Lucy: Hadar Ethiopia 200+individuals Possible tool use
Austrolopithicus africanus 40.8-50 kg 110-137 cm 440 cc 3.0-2 MYA Taung Child: South Africa Walking up-right
Austrolopithicus boisii 34-49 kg 122.5-135 cm 510 cc 2.6-1.3 MYA Olduvai & Lake Turkana Sexual dimorphism in sagital crest?
Austrolopithicus robustus 32-39 kg 107.5-130 cm 510 cc 2.0-1.2 MYA Swartkrans, South Africa Large jaw and strong muscles
Homo habilis 32-37 kg 115-147.5 cm 750 cc 2.5-1.6 MYA Olduvai & Lake Turkana Tools, fire? start to spread out of Africa
Homo erectus 53-63 kg 157-175 cm 800 cc 1.8-150,000 YA Turkana Boy: Lake Turkana & Pekin Man: China Elongated legs & control of Fire
Homo sapiens archaic 51-62 kg 155-172 cm 1100 cc 800,000-100,000 Asia, Africa & Europe First evidence of created shelter
Homo sapiens neanerthalensis 80-84 kg 152.5-162.5 cm 1000-1350 cc 250,000-20,000 Europe Cave paintings and burials
Homo sapiens sapien 54-64 kg 157.5-172.5 cm 1250 cc ish 100,000 to present All over the world including Australia External chin.